Fiber cement composite:
Most brands come with a 30 yr warranty and an optional paint warranty if the product comes prefinished from the factory. Fiber cement has a more natural and realistic wood look. It comes in a variety of different board sizes similar to wood. It is fire retardant and a good natural insulator. However it is difficult to install and requires specialty cutting tools to reduce dust. Fiber cement is one of the more expensive products to install and usually costs more than natural wood cladding.
Has a 50yr product warranty and an optional paint warranty if the product comes prefinished from the factory. Engineered wood products have a more natural and realistic wood look, it like fiber cement also comes in a variety of different board sizes similar to wood. Engineered wood installs just like natural wood. It is priced comparable to natural wood cladding combined with the price of painting or staining.
Has a 50+ year warranty and comes in preselected colors. Vinyl is low to no maintenance, requiring an occasional power washing if desired. It is easy to install and the least expensive of all the claddings on the market. The drawback to vinyl siding is despite its best effort to look like natural wood siding, it looks least like it compared to all the other man-made claddings. It also requires a good water resistant underlayment because vinyl allows significant water penetration behind vinyl cladding.